Your eyes need to be kept healthy and safe, and that can be a lot of work. Protecting your eyes from injury is very important, and wearing eye protection can really help to prevent objects getting in, cuts, getting hit, or other dangerous mishaps.
However, you can’t always be alert and able to protect your eyes. It’s important in these cases to know what to do when eye trauma happens.
How to Handle Eye Cuts or Puncture Wounds
Eye injury requires an immediate attention, and you should report to an eye doctor. If your eye or eyelid has been cut or punctured, don’t remove anything or even wash the eye. Here are some tips for cuts and punctures that are around or even in your eye.
- Putting pressure on the eye while holding up the protective covering isn’t a good idea, in case there is a foreign body inside the cut.
- Protect the eye from unnecessary rubbing by covering the eye with a rigid, circular object. For example cutting out the bottom of a paper cup is suggested.
- Go to an eye doctor or emergency room right away.
- Avoid rubbing the eye or even surrounding skin.
- Affix the protective covering over the eye using a piece of tape.
How to Safely Remove Objects From Your Eyes
It doesn’t matter if it’s a grain of sand or other particle, you need to know what to do and what not to do. When an object gets in your eye follow these tips.
- Using a dampened cotton swab is recommended to try and gently remove an object that is not embedded.
- Try using eye wash or rinsing your eyes with water because this flush out the particle.
- Rubbing your eye to get the object out or make it feel better will only end up scratching your cornea by moving around the foreign body, so just don’t do it.
- If you are not certain that you got the particle out, see an eye doctor as soon as you can.
- Don’t try to remove an object that is penetrating or embedded in the eye because it’ll cause more damage.
- Allow your tears to flow; it may actually help get the object out.
How to Safely Clean Chemicals Out of the Eye
Chemicals, including those in household cleaners, can splash into the eye and cause major damage. This would require immediate eye first aid to prevent a serious eye injury. These easy steps will help you get chemicals out of your eye.
- You should stand underneath a shower head, or you can place your head beneath a running faucet. You may need to use both hands to keep the injured eye open while flushing it so you do not close your eye.
- Flush the eye continuously for at least 15 minutes, keeping the eye wide open and allowing the water to run over and cleanse it.
- Flush or rinse out the eye right away with water. Do it immediately.
- Don’t cover or put anything over the infected eye.
- After following these steps, go to an emergency room immediately.
How to Handle Getting Hit in the Eye
If you get punched or in or around the eye with a ball or some other object with any sort of force, use these first aid tips to treat it:
- See doctor or the emergency room if you experience pain or if your vision is affected in any manner.
- Keep your head elevated to minimize the resulting swelling.
- A cold compress or ice pack should be held against the eye — don’t put pressure.
It’s wise to see an eye doctor and get checked out after an eye injury. Safeguarding your eyes as much as possible with protective eye-wear is best, and this way you won’t need to use eye first aid. However, if you do have an eye emergency, now you at least know how to handle it.