What is Lisinopril?
Lisinopril is one of a group of medications known as ACE inhibitors. ACE is an acronym for “angiotensin converting enzyme”.
Lisinopril treats congestive heart failure and hypertension (high blood pressure). It can also improve the survival rates after heart attacks.
Lisinopril may be used for other purposes not listed here.
What Should I Know about Lisinopril?
Do not use lisinopril if pregnant; it may harm unborn babies. Discontinue use and inform your physician immediately, if you get pregnant.
If you have hereditary angiodema, do not use lisinopril.
If you suffer from diabetes, do not take lisinopril along with any medicines that contain aliskiren (brand names Valturna, Tekamlo, Tekturna and Amturnide)
What Should I Understand before I Take Lisinopril?
Do not take lisinopril if you have allergies to it, or if you have allergic reactions to any ACE inhibitor. They include trandolapril, rampril, quinapril, perindopril, moexipril, fosinopril, enalapril, captopril or benazepril.
If you suffer from diabetes, lisinopril should not be used with any medications
If you have kidney disease or diabetes, do not use lisinopril together with any medication that contains aliskiren (brand names Valturna, Tekamlo, Tekturna and Amturnide).
If you have hereditary angioedema, do not use lisinopril.
To ensure that lisinopril will be safe for you, inform your physician if you have:
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease (and if you are currently on dialysis)
- Congestive heart failure
- Heart disease
- Connective tissue diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, lupus, Sjogren’s syndrome or Marfan syndrome.
Lisinopril is in FDA category D for pregnancy. It should not be used if you’re pregnant. Discontinue use and inform your physician if you get pregnant. Lisinopril may cause injury or even death to unborn babies if taken during the second or third trimester. Effective birth control should be used while you are taking lisinopril.
Lisinopril may pass into breast milk or harm nursing babies. Do not use it without informing your physician if you are currently breast-feeding.
Side Effects of Lisinopril
Get emergency help if you experience any signs of allergic reaction. They may include: swelling of throat, tongue, lips or face; severe stomach pain; difficulty in breathing or hives.
Contact your physician right away if you experience:
- Little or no urination
- Light-headed feelings, as though you may pass out
- Flu symptoms like body aches, chills or fever
- Rapid weight gain or swelling
- Psoriasis (silvery, raised flaking of your skin)
- Uneven or pounding heartbeats
- Muscle weakness or tired feeling
- High potassium, which includes tingling feelings, muscle weakness, weak pulse or slow heart rate
- Chest pain
Some common Lisinopril side effects include:
- Headache, drowsiness, dizziness
- Upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting
- Depressed mood
- mild skin rash or itching
This list is not complete, so other side effects may occur. Contact your physician for advice. You can report your side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Interactions with Lisinopril
Speak with your physician about any medication you use, including those you may begin or stop taking while you are on lisinopril, particularly:
- Gold injections for arthritis
- Other medications for blood pressure
- Potassium supplements
- Diabetes medications like insulin, or others taken by mouth
- Salt substitutes containing potassium
- Diuretics or water pills
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like naproxen (brand name Aleve), ibuprofen (brand names Mortin, Advil) or others, including meloxicam, indomethacin, diclofenac or celecoxib
This is not a complete list. Other medications may have interactions with lisinopril. They include prescriptions, over the counter medications, herbal products and vitamins. This guide does not include all possible drug interactions.
What Should Be Avoided When I Take Lisinopril?
Do not drink alcohol, as this may lower your blood pressure further. This can increase some Lisinopril side effects.
Do not use potassium supplements or salt substitutes while you take lisinopril, unless your physician has instructed you to do so.
Do not get up quickly from a sitting or a lying position. This could cause dizziness. Get up more slowly and be sure to steady yourself, so that you don’t fall.
How should Lisinopril Be Taken?
Follow all label directions. Your physician may change your dose occasionally, to ensure best results. Lisinopril should not be taken in smaller or larger amounts, nor for a time period longer than prescribed.
Take every dose with one full glass of distilled or tap water.
You may take this medication with food or without it.
Some conditions that might cause extremely low blood pressure may include: taking water pills, low salt diets, dialysis, heart disease, heavy sweating, diarrhea or vomiting. Inform your physician if you have any prolonged illnesses that cause vomiting or diarrhea.
You will need to have your blood pressure frequently checked. Liver and kidney functions may also need testing.
If you require surgery for some reason, inform your surgeon before the date of the procedure that you use lisinopril. It may need to be discontinued for a short period of time before surgery.
If you are under treatment for high blood pressure, be sure to keep taking lisinopril even if you feel better. Sometimes, high blood pressure will not have symptoms. You may even need to use a blood pressure medicine for the remainder of your life.
Store lisinopril at room temperature, and away from heat and moisture.
What if I Have a Lisinopril Overdose?
Get emergency attention at once or call your Poison Help line. The number is 1-800-222-1222.
What if I Miss a Lisinopril Dose?
Take your missed dose when you remember it. Skip that dose if it is near time for the next dose. Never take extra medication to make up for any missed doses.